Pili-Canarium ovatum PDF Print E-mail
Written by Bonsai King   
Wednesday, 16 December 2009 16:00

Local Name:


Scientific Name:

Canarium ovatum




The pili is indigenous to the Philippines, its center of diversity is the Bicol region where it is the priority crop. The trees have spread to the provinces of Catanduanes, Masbate and the southern Quezon area.



The pili is very difficult to popagate. It takes a long time marcotting, and grafting. Success is quite low. Cleft or wedge grafting is the most recommended method. But the most efficient way for large scale production is patch budding or bud grafting.



Erect and spreading tree, deciduous, predominantly dioecious, medium-sized to large, reaching up to 30 m or more, with trunk diameters of 50 cm or more. Leaves have deltoid to lingulate stipules, spirally arranged, imparipinnate, about 40 cm long. Leaflets are ovate to elliptic, 4-24 cm long and 2-12 cm wide, stiff-coriaceous, entire, base oblique, rounded to subcordate, apex acuminate with 8-12 pairs of nerves. Flowers are borne on cymose inflorescences at the leaf axils of young shoots. The fruit or nut, botanically a drupe, ovoid to ellipsoid, 4-7 cm long, 2.3=3.8 cm wide. Pulp has a thin skin, smooth and shiney, turning from light green to black when ripened. Shell is carpellary, elongated and trigonous, nearly triangular in transverse sections, with a basal pointed end, and a blunt and obtuse apical end, dirty brown outside, shiny and glabrous inside. Inside the shell is the functional locule containing the mature seed
Last Updated on Friday, 15 January 2010 13:26